Birchwood History


A Brief History of the Birchwood Area

Before 1246, Risley belonged to Culcheth, a British name meaning “backwood”, or “a retreat in a wood”.

It was on the death of Gilbert de Culcheth, in 1246, that his estate was divided between his four daughters.  One daughter, Ellen, married one of the sons of Hugh de Hindley, and took on the name of Risley.  The couple took over the part of the Culcheth estate that was called Risley.

The Risley family lived on the estate until 1736, when it was sold to the Blackburne family.  In May 1853, the Blackburne family sold the estate to Richard Watson Marshall, who appears to have spent a lot of money on building, drainage, and other improvements.

In 1872, following the death of Richard Watson, the estate was sold to H&R Ainscough, who were noted breeders of horses.  It was shortly after this date that the British Moss Litter Company took over the tenancy of Risley Moss, for extracting peat.

At the turn of the century, Risley was a typical, small farming community.  The focal point of the area was the village, situated close to where the A574 now crosses the M62.  There were 30 tenant farmers on the Risley estate, as well as a school, a chapel, a blacksmith, and a wheelwright.

The estate was again sold in 1907, to a Mr Thomas Jackson, a Corn Miller from Bolton.  He did not live on the estate and it was put up for auction in 1920, when a Mr John Benson of Wigan purchased it.  It remained in his ownership until 1938. 

World War II broke out in 1939, and it was bought by the War Ministry.  Risley was a flat site, often shrouded by mist, making it an ideal location for the new Royal Ordnance Factories (ROFs) as it would be hidden from enemy aircraft.  Over 1,000,000 mines and 500,000 bombs were assembled here.  The “Grand Slam”, a 22,000 lb bomb, which sank the German ship ‘Tirpizt’, was built at Risley.

The workforce was taken from a wide area.  There were ex-miners from Leigh, as well as women from many parts of the town and country.  A hostel was opened at “Newchurch Hall” for Irish women.  This area is now an industrial estate, and is situated near Culcheth.

In 1946 the Admiralty took over the site, and in 1956 the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority bought part of the site.

In 1972, when the New Town was developed, the concrete bunkers were demolished, but because of the close proximity of the Universities' Reactor, explosives could not be used.  After the demolition of the Ordnance Factory and the formation of the New Town, Birchwood Forest Park was created.  The playing fields are about a metre higher than the surrounding land, because the bases of the 16 bunkers could not be demolished without using explosives, and so they were covered with a layer of topsoil.

The site of the wartime ordnance factory became the launch pad for a new community, bringing people from Greater Manchester, Merseyside and further afield to live in Warrington.  Birchwood was created!

Great care was taken by the Warrington and Runcorn Development Corporation to create ‘a healthy and interesting environment, which would provide employment, good quality housing, shopping and community facilities, a place of character where things have been designed on a human scale’.

Birchwood comprises of three villages: Locking Stumps, Gorse Covert and Oakwood each of which has its own village square, public house, shop, primary school and community facility.

Today, Birchwood is a thriving community, at the intersection of two of the busiest motorways in the country.  The Birchwood Park has become one of the largest business centres in the North West, and continues to expand to this day.

The information for the history of Birchwood was extracted from, "Look At Birchwood", written by the pupils of Birchwood C of E Primary School, and "Risley - The Historical background" written by H.Henshaw. We are most grateful for the information provided.

Additional historical information can be found on the website of Brian Tuohey, a local resident and keen historian, who has kindly given his permission to provide a link to his website, where this information is available.  Click here to read more about "Rural Risley to Bustling Birchwood - A Journey Through Time.

Hiring our Room 

The Towphoto of meeting roomn Council has a community room available for hire at Parkers Farm, which will accomodate up to a maximum of twenty people.

Please note that any electrical items brought in, such as guitars or cd players, must have a current PAT tested certificate (portable appliance test).

The cost of hiring the room is £5 per hour with a minimum charge of one hour.

For further details, please contact our Facilities Caretaker, Mrs Karen Wells on 01925 838652.





Oakwood Community Association

The Oakwood Community Association is holding its Annual General Meeting on Monday 6th February 2017, 7.30pm at the Oakwood Neighbourhood Hub.

For more details click here.



P10003666877 v2

 Lend a Hand


The Rangers organise regular workdays in Birchwood Forest Park throughout the year.  If you want to get involved in some practical work, learn new skills and meet new people, contact the Rangers on 01925 824239.  You must be over 16 years old to take part in these workdays.


For more information about Birchwood Forest Park as well as a Calendar of Events, click here


Birchwood Carnival

carnival 2

Birchwood Carnival is an annual event, held at Birchwood Forest Park.  In 2017 the event will be held on Sunday, 4th June.

Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tel No:   01925 824239/01925 442495



What’s on at Risley Moss Local Nature Reserve?


Events are organised in conjunction with Risley Moss Action Group (RIMAG) and start from the Visitor Centre at Risley Moss Local Nature Reserve. 

For more information about Rilsey Moss, as well as the Calendar of Events, click on this link

A number of practical activities take place at Risley Moss throughout the year, volunteers are always welcome. Please contact Risley Moss for details on 01925 824339.

btp2474 low

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Visit: Rangers Office, Risley Moss Local Nature Reserve, Ordnance Ave, Birchwood, Warrington,        WA3 6QX

photo courtesy of 2E Images

blue emergency lightEmergency Planning

Warrington Borough Council has put together a number of articles relating to what to do in case of a major emergency.

Thankfully, such incidents are rare, and there is a very low risk that you or your family will ever be caught up in such a situation.

However, emergencies can arise with little or no warning. You may be asked to evacuate or to stay in your home. Utility supplies such as gas or electricity could be affected. You may be separated from your family; your children might still be at school, other family members might be at work, out shopping, or visiting friends. The emergency services, Borough Council and utility companies will be at the scene, but they cannot reach everyone straight away.

By following the advice given on Warrington Borough Council's website, you can ensure you are prepared, and know what to do if you were ever caught up in a major emergency.

Click here for further details of what Warrington Borough Council will do in the case of an emergency.